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Women in Vedic India - Lopamudra


Sage Agastya has crossed Vidhya mountains on his journey to south and he passing by Vidarbha region. He asked the king of Vidarbha the hand of his daughter to marry. Since the king was childless he replied to Agastya that ‘I give you my child which I do not have’, Listening this Sage Agastya created a beautiful child girl out of forest plants, birds, and other being. Since the child was created by the loss( lopa) of most beautiful feature ( mudra) of the birds and beasts she was called Lopamudra

Lopamudra was given to King to Vidarbha, she was brought up at the king's palace where she became well versed in scriptural knowledge. As Lopamudra came of age, Agastya went to the king of Vidarbha to ask for her hand in marriage. Lopamudra agreed and married Agastya. The marriage with an ascetic of Lopamudra meant a move from the luxuries (of the palace) to the harsh realities of the hermitage. But Lopamudra didn’t care much about it as she was a faithful wife who performed her duties toward her husband. However, Sage Agastya did not pay much attention to her. This was the time when disappointed Lopamudra composed a hymn for Agastya reminding him of his obligations to his wife. Thereafter, Agastya became aware of his neglect of his wife and cared for her and loved her.

This is beautiful story in Indian mythologies, it’s like a creator who is attached with his creation, like an artist who creates thing in his perfection. Similarly Sage Agastya created, Lopamudra, who is perfect beauty, learned scholar faithful wife and mother. But sages are not supposed to get attached with anything, how come Sage Agastya gets attached? But creation is like this, the creator has always a role to play, creation is multifold thing where creator is constantly being created by his creation. If you ask an artist, writer or poet about their creation you would find that while they created something profound such as painting or art, doing this something else takes place in their inner being; a change takes place, that change is inner creation.

Lopamudra was created by sage Agastya but she re-creates Agastya too, she creates a new being out of him who is sage, but who is also a father and husband, who dutifully does what is being asked for, he does not stop for a second, being a sage, a scholar, a husband, a father, a siddha.This story is one of the most profound philosophical statement from India subcontinent.

Lopamudra is often connected with Lalitasasranaamam. She is the one who propagates the Lalita Sahasra Naama across the world. Her unification with Lalita, the Devi, is transparent to show that she is an incarnation of Lalita, the source of energy, power of the creator.

Like Lalita, in Lopamudra, exist many aspects of living beings. She symoolizes the Beauty which is the consequence of many coming together in one, Lopamudra is the one in whom their separate existence is not visible, hence their lopa.

As I see - Women in Ancient India - Vivek ji

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